The USA Made Submarine

The volume of International transfer of major weapons in 2013-2017 rose 10 percent higher than in 2008-2012. This information was confirmed by a new data released by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.

The report said while the flow of arms increased to the Middle East, Asia and Oceania there was a corresponding decrease in the shipment of weapons or arms to Africa, America, and Europe during the same period. The five biggest exporters, USA, Russia, France, Germany, and China accounts for over 74 % of all armed export in 2013-2017.

Most of the big arms shipments are transported by ships often times by ro-ro ships. According to SIPRI Arms and Military Expenditure Programme “Lighter armored vehicles are sometimes transported by air, but it is more common to put large shipments particularly on ro-ro ships. It’s the same with ammunition; it is uncommon for it to be transported by air. It’s much cheaper and safer to transport it by ship.”

A Made in France Jet Fighter

The USA continued to maintain the number one position as the world biggest exporter of arms controlling about 34 % of total arms export. It recorded a 58% increase higher than Russia, the world second largest arms exporter. The record shows that the USA supplied weapons to about 98 nation states with the Middle East accounting for over 49% of the total supplies.

The arms institute further revealed in their report that the USA had signed arms deals with various nations during the time of President Obama which will guarantee the country as the world’s number one arms exporter in several years to come in future.

While USA arms export is increasing Russia arms export decreased by about 7.1% in 2017. France arms export has surprisingly increased by 27% and this has place France as the world third largest arms exporter. Germany arms export has equally increased by over 100 % to countries in the Middle East thus making Germany the fourth world largest exporter of arms. China comes in a distant fifth with its arms supplied to mostly Pakistan and Bangladesh.

Amoured Personnel Carrier

The middle east continued to lead other continents as the world’s biggest purchasers of arms with arms supplied to the middle east increasing by over 100 % between 2008 – 2012 and between 2013- 2017. The surged in the demand for arms in the Middle East is as a result of armed and violent conflict witnessed there between2013-2017. This accounted for 32% of global arms imports and was primarily driven by demand from countries like Saudi Arabia and UAE. Within this period 2013-2017 Saudi Arabia was the world’s second-largest importer of arms behind India.

Following Saudi Arabia is Egypt which occupied the third position and then UAE who maintained the fourth position as the world’s fourth-largest importer of arms. The tension that existed between India, Pakistan, and China is said to be responsible for India’s growing demand for weapons alongside Pakistan and China.

African countries notably Algeria, Libya, and Nigeria witnessed a decline in arms import between 2012-2012 and 2013-2017. Algeria is said to lead other African countries in arms imports accounting for 52% of all African imports in 2013-2017. Nigeria’s arms import is said to have increased by 42% in 2013-2017.